Francisco Colom González: Los espacios urbanos de la democracia. Del ágora a la plaza, en ARBOR. Ciencia, Pensamiento y Cultura, Vol. 198, 803-804, enero-junio 2022, a635 | ISSN-L: 0210-1963,

Throughout history, the city has been the quintessential space for democracy. This is why it is possible to trace the genealogy of the public sphere by reconstructing the changing functionality of urban spaces. This article addresses the study of democratic practices through the places in the city where they have been developed, especially public squares. From this point of view, squares are presented as an agonistic space added to the formal institutions for political representation.

Francisco Colom GonzálezDe la ciudad como utopía a la utopía de la ciudad, en Francisco Colom González (coord..): Pasajes del pensar. Ensayos sobre filosofía, literatura y sociología en homenaje a José M. González García. Bilbao, Publicaciones de la Universidad de Deusto, 2020, pp. 135-174. ISBN: 978-84-1325-119-6

The role of cities has not only been important for their geopolitical and economic function. Their performance has been equally conclusive in cultural history, particularly in the West. The city was conceived by the Greeks as the ideal space for the development of human nature. Since then, the political imagination of the city has assumed multiple forms as an idealized reference for a morally and materially fulfilled life. This text explores the different urban representations of the emancipatory social imaginary and the connotations that have been attached to it in the history of urban planning.

Francisco Colom González: Max Weber y ‘La ciudad’. Una interpretación a la luz de la experiencia hispanoamericana, en Álvaro Morcillo Laiz y Eduardo Weisz (eds.): Max Weber en Iberoamérica. Nuevas interpretaciones, estudios empíricos e interpretación. México, Fondo de Cultura Económica – CIDE, 2015, pp. 419-446. ISBN: 978-607-16-2130-6

The text by Max Weber that has come down to us under the title The City is a posthumous and incomplete manuscript edited by his widow, Marianne Weber. The circumstances surrounding the discovery of the manuscript, the changing subtitles added to it, as well as the internal articulation of the text, have led to the loss of much of its original meaning. Although we can observe the emergence of cities in different geographical areas and historical moments, for Weber the Western process of urbanization offered extraordinary characteristics. With it came the historical genesis of specific forms of political socialization and the emergence of an autonomous urban class with differentiated economic interests. Given the importance of cities in the colonization of Spanish America and its subsequent historical development, Weber’s urban theory has a potential that has been little exploited. The colonization of America is part of the dynamics of Western expansion around the globe. The proliferation of cities in Spanish America projected onto the New World a process of urban consolidation whose social, political and cultural conditions had matured in Europe during the late Middle Ages and culminated in the Renaissance. Colonial societies, although subjected to dependence on the metropolis, were therefore in their own way Western societies. In this sense, the Latin American city constitutes a variant of the Western city and many of the features described by Weber in his work can be recognized in it. Even so, the transposition of European urban categories to America must be qualified, since there is not only a gap of several centuries between the processes described by Weber and the development of cities on the other side of the Atlantic. Their internal stratification was also qualitatively different from that of Europe. The comparative study of urbanization processes in the Old and New Worlds allows us to better understand the characteristics of Latin American social and political history and its links, similarities and differences with European history.

Francisco Colom GonzálezLa ciudad en la tradición política hispanoamericana, en TEORIA E CULTURA (Brasil), Número monográfico sobre: Cidade, Música, Tempo, Barroco, Vol. 8, Núm.2  (2013), pp. 9-29. ISSN: 2318-101X

Territoriality, understood as political spatiality, is not merely a physical dimension, but a social production: the link between space, history and power. In this sense, the political territoriality of the Hispanic world has been eminently urban. One of the most characteristic features of its political tradition lies in its intimate connection with the city. The Hispanic political subject has historically been so in its condition of urbanized subject, a trait that reached its full meaning in the American enterprise. From the Roman municipium to modern populist movements, the urban condition has marked the territorial nomos of Hispanic societies. This text offers a long-range historical look at the changing role of the city in the Hispanic American political tradition: its founding rites and patterns, the function of its governing bodies during the colonial period, its contribution to the formation of nations, and its role as a stage for the mass movements of the twentieth century.